So now I've posted the list above I'll give my experience of the British NHS
When I need to see a doctor/GP, I phone my surgery and get an appointment the same day, if I need a prescription it is free as I live in wales (english it is £7.20, scotland £4 i think). If you are under 18, pregnant, on benefits, pensioner, or have an illness such as diabetes that always requires vital medication you don't pay for prescriptions. If I need a referral, then I get one. If I need to see a doctor outside normal surgery hours, I phone my surgery, which then directs me to which ever GP surgery is doing the night service, then I can either have a doctor come to my house or I can get myself to the surgery. They perform minor surgery such as the snip (ouch) toe nail removal, fitting contraceptive implant.
Nurses at GP surgery they carry out vaccinations, blood tests, change dressings, syringe ears, smear tests, they can come out to your home to change dressings as well.
Hospital, A&E, accident and emergency. If you aren't registered at a local surgery and unsure of opening hours and 24/7 care you can come here, I had to the second day I lived in Wales, I was registered as soon as I got there and before my details were fully typed into the computer a doctor was waiting. Broken legs, falls, stitches etc this is the place to go. When I went I needed antibiotics, I was given them there so I didn't need to go to a pharmacy.
Hospital, surgery, overnight stay etc. I've never personally had to, but from family members who have there have never been any complaints (apart from ym grandma who went a bit bonkers after a hip replacement and was convinced we had secretly put her in a nursing home). I've visited family members in hospital, everything is clean, peaceful and nice. My aunt broke her leg so was in a normal ward with 7 other women, when my grandma was very ill and going to die she was in a side ward on her own for privacy for the family. If your child stays in hospital over night then mum or dad can, for long hospital stays hospitals either have accommodation such as hospital run flats at no fee, or you have a flat like set up attached to your child's hospital room.
Dental, we see the dentist every six months, this is subsidised. I'm not sure of the cost though as my dentist went private and we decided to stay with him as his plan is only £10 a month, so it was easier than finding another NHS dentist we liked. In Wales dental prescriptions are free as well, even tooth paste and mouth wash.
Opticians, free for under 16's. Now, apart from that I'm not sure, I know you can get a vouchers towards the cost of eye tests and glasses, but I'm not totally sure what the requirements are, I've recently applied for a voucher so I would have to get back to you on that.